This definition covers a great number of structural repair techniques that can be utilised to repair or restrain masonry walls. Unwanted movement can occur in buildings for a great many reasons, these may include:
- Ground movement or subsidence
- Inadequately restrained or tied walls
- Movement brought on by water ingress and timber decay into the structure
- Failed lintels or building materials
- Movement fatigue
- Mechanical impact or disturbance
- The repair techniques that can be adopted may include the use of:
- Structural wall ties and restraints
- Embedded wall stitching
- Structural Pinning
- Resin bonding or resin beam repairs These types of structural repairs should always be specified and supervised by a trained and competent structural engineer and any installations must be undertaken by an experienced specialist contractor. Experienced specialist contractors can be found amongst the members of the Property Care Association.
Cavity walls have been a common feature of buildings in the UK for over one hundred years. Two leaves of brick or stonework are held together using metal straps or “wall ties”. The cavities between the two leaves of masonry provide an affective barrier to water penetration and also acts as an insulation layer.
In some circumstances these wall ties can corrode or fail. Failure can manifest itself as cracking in the external leaf of masonry, structural movement or in severe cases the collapse of sections of masonry.